4-Wheel Drive is useful when driving a truck or a beefier SUV off-road. But what if the 4WD light comes on but is not engaging? It is surely annoying and the problem should be fixed as soon as possible.
But what causes a 4WD vehicle to not engage? Well, a faulty actuator or solenoid will be the most possible reason for this problem. Also, there can be some electrical issues to cause the 4WD system not working.
If you want to know more about these reasons and their fixes, continue reading.
What Causes 4WD Light Comes On But Not Engaging?
There are certain reasons for why a 4-wheel drive is not engaging even though the light comes on.
4WD systems usually utilize actuators to engage the front differential or transfer case. Over time, these components become faulty and fail to receive proper signals.
If the actuator doesn’t receive the signal, the 4-wheel drive system won’t engage even when the light is on.
This is another most common reason for a 4WD not working but the light is on. There can be various electrical problems such as blown fuse, loose or faulty wiring connection with the 4 wheel drive system.
Broken or Defective Components
Broken components are very common on the 4WD system. There could be a broken or damaged CV joint, drive shaft, or differential.
If there’s a broken component, the system may not engage even though the light turns on.
Control Module Issues
Some vehicles are designed with a control module to regulate the 4WD system. If there’s something wrong with the module, it will fail to send the proper signals and prevent the system from engaging.
Transfer Case Failure
Another important reason for a faulty 4WD system but the light is on is a malfunctioning transfer case. This case is useful to distribute power between the front and rear wheels.
If this transfer case goes bad or starts malfunctioning, it may cause the 4-wheel drive to not respond even if the light blinks.
Damaged Vacuum Lines
If your vehicle has vacuum lines to operate the 4-wheel drive system, then it could be a reason for the 4WD issues. If there’s leakage or blockage in the vacuum lines, it can prevent the 4WD from engaging properly.
Troubleshooting and Fixing 4WD Not Engaging But Light Comes On
Fixing a faulty 4-wheel drive system with the light illuminated can seem a daunting challenge. But the troubleshooting process isn’t very difficult as it is pretty straightforward.
Here are a few steps you can take to troubleshoot and potentially fix the issue:
Verify the Control Switch
Start by checking the control switch to see if it is in the right position for engaging the 4-wheel drive. The switch is usually located on the dashboard or center console.
If you can’t find the correct position of the switch, check the vehicle’s manual for the proper switch position. You should also check the switch internally if it is dirty, broken or corroded. Repair or replace the switch as necessary.
On average, the replacement cost of a control switch will range between $125 and $250 depending on the make and model of your vehicle. The services will cost $79-$102, where parts cost $69-$150.
Look for Vacuum Leaks
Visually inspect the vacuum lines, tubes, and connections for any cracks, leaks, or broken connections. But sometimes, the vacuum leaks can be hard to reach.
In this case, you can use a vacuum tester to find the leaks. Once you find the issue, repair or replace the damaged line as it requires.
But if there’s nothing wrong with the vacuum lines, then the problem might be with the vacuum actuator.
Check the Vacuum Actuator
As we already know, the vacuum actuator is responsible for engaging and disengaging the front differential. If it is faulty, it can cause the 4WD system to not engage.
So, examine the actuator for any signs of damage or wear. You can check the actuator by applying vacuum to it and inspecting if it’s moving properly. If it doesn’t, then the actuator is faulty and replace it with a new one.
On average, a faulty vacuum actuator replacement will likely fall between $101 and $150. Labor cost is estimated between $79-$105, while the actuator will cost between $22.49 and $42.59.
Inspect the Transfer Case
Next, check the transfer case for any leaks, damage or excessive wear, if you find the actuator is working well. The easiest way to check if the transfer case has gone bad is visually inspect the case from the underneath of your vehicle.
Look for any visual damage such as leaks, cracks or dents in the transfer case. If that’s the case, it might be the problem and repair or replace the case as necessary.
Also, determine the transfer case fluid if it contains any metal shavings. If yes, then drain out the old fluid and fill the new fluid in.
The replacement cost of a transfer case is expected roughly between $2,500 and $8,000. Labor costs are estimated between $250 and $510, while the parts will be priced between $2,250 and $7, 500.
Examine the Shift Motor
If there’s no visual problem with the transfer case, then the shift motor may be malfunctioning. So, examine the shift motor to ensure if it’s functioning properly or not.
Take the shift motor out from the transfer case and check the resistance across the two leads on the motor. If you see any continuity, then the motor is not functioning as intended and requires replacement.
On average, the transfer case shift motor replacement will fall between $416 and $715. A brand new transfer case will range from $343 to $692.
Check the Front Driveshaft
Next, examine the front driveshaft, if you find no issues with the shift motor. Give a visual inspection to the driveshaft for any damage, corrosion, or loose connection.
Furthermore, make sure that the driveshaft is properly seated in the front differential and transfer case. Otherwise, you’ll need to repair or replace it as needed.
If you need to replace it, then the cost will depend on if you call for a mechanic or choose DIY. On average, the replacement cost of a driveshaft is estimated between $300-$1500.
Test the Axle Actuator
In certain 4-wheel drive systems, there may be an axle actuator responsible for engaging the front axle. If your vehicle has one, check the actuator for any signs of damage or malfunction. Repair or replace it, if needed.
Remember, if you do encounter the issue of the 4WD light coming on but not engaging, it is best to consult a professional mechanic to diagnose and resolve the problem.
Tips to Prevent 4wd Light Comes On but Not Engaging Issue
Safety precautions can minimize the chances of having various issues with your vehicle. The following tips will help you to prevent the issue of the 4×4 not engaging even though the light is illuminated.
- Make and follow regular maintenance schedules for your vehicle including checking and servicing the 4WD system according to the manufacturer’s recommendation.
- Use the 4WD system periodically, if you don’t drive your vehicle in 4×4 mode regularly.
- If the four-wheel drive system on your vehicle is regulated by the vacuum lines, check them regularly for any damage.
- Monitor the electrical connections periodically.
- Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for the correct fluids and lubricants.
There may be some more queries still knocking in your mind. So, here we’ll cover some of the most searched queries regarding the topic.
What are the symptoms of a bad four-wheel drive?
A bad 4-wheel drive comes with plenty of signs to make you aware of the fact. Some of the most common symptoms will include unresponsive four-wheel drive, 4WD not engaging or disengaging, gear shifting issues, engine stalling, or black smoke.
Do you use 4-wheel drive all the time?
No. Four-wheel drive system is not something that you should use all the time. It is useful for certain road conditions such as slippery, snowing or muddy, off-roading or rugged terrain.
Does the 4WD increase fuel consumption?
Yes, it does. It is because the 4-wheel drive needs more power and more components to engage. So, it requires more fuel that means increased fuel consumption.
This is everything you need to know about a 4WD system that is not engaging but the light is on.
To sum up, it is recommended to have a professional mechanic, if you can’t find the exact cause of the issue.
They have the necessary tools and expertise to run diagnostics, examine the system, and identify the specific underlying cause and fix.